Improving Traffic Flow at Intersections 2nd Avenue / 97th Street, 2nd Avenue / 98th Street and 2nd Avenue / 99th Street in Manhattan

  • ABSTRACT Traffic congestion is a worldwide issue seen in various metropolitan cities. The reason for the existence of traffic congestion is overpopulation and high volumes of private cars that the roads are not able to sustain. The causes of traffic congestion are accidents, pollution, rush hours, bus bunching, and delays. Data and statistics are provided for traffic congestion related to rush hours. The benefits of public transportation such as buses are discussed. In this paper various forms of transit signal priority (TSP) strategies are assessed. TSP is a strategy that improves public transportation. The goal is to lessen congestion, lessen wait times, lessen travel times, and improve the service. Various forms of transit signal priority are researched and analyzed such as green wave, red truncation, dedicated bus lanes, queue jumps, etc. The principal objective and aim of this thesis are improving traffic flow at the intersections of 2nd avenue @ 97th street, 2nd avenue @ 98th street and 2nd avenue @ 99th street in Manhattan. VISSIM will be utilized in implementing and setting up a high-quality microscopic simulation model of the signalized intersection in Manhattan. Providing prioritization for public transportation (specifically buses). Analyzing deficiencies in the traffic flow at the intersection 2nd avenue @ 97th, 98 and 99th street. The real time aspects will be considered on the selected intersections such as traffic signal coordination, speeds, pedestrians, various types of vehicles, public transportation, and bus stops. There will be two models simulated: one that simulates the real time conditions. The second model in VISSIM implement changes to traffic flow on signalized intersection through V-A controller logic system. Improved signalization utilizes tsp and shows changes to congestion by giving buses priority with the help of detectors on signalized intersections. The aim of this model is to provide priority to buses and allows them special treatment; ultimately improves the bus service and traffic congestion. KEYWORDS: Bus priority, transit signal priority, detectors, public transportation, green extension, V-A Signal controller.

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Author:Syed Hasan Parvez
Advisor:Andreas Schuster, Matthias Richter
Document Type:Master's Thesis
Name:SIMCO Engineering, PC
214 West 39th Street, Suite 905A, 10018 New York
Date of Publication (online):2021/04/06
Year of first Publication:2021
Publishing Institution:Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
Release Date:2021/05/12
Page Number:84
Faculty:Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau / Kraftfahrzeugtechnik